ALBUS (L.) Blake var. ALBUS
HABIT: Low bushy shrub, 2-8 dm.; flowering
May-July; fruiting July-October.
SPECIES: This variety bears close
resemblance to Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus and Symphoricarpos
orbiculatus. It may also be
mistaken for Ligustrum spp. S.
albus var. albus has terminal and/or axillary clusters of small (5-8
mm.) pink flowers, large white berries, young twigs pubescent, and leaves
pilose beneath. S. albus var laevigatus has terminal and/ or
axillary clusters of small (5-8 mm.), pink flowers, large white berries, young
twigs glabrous, and leaves glabrous beneath.
S. orbiculatus has terminal and axillary clusters of smaller (3-4
mm.) greenish or purplish flowers and red or coral berries. Ligustrum spp. have terminal cymes of
small white flowers and purplish berries.
RANGE: Que. to s. AK, s. to VA, MI, MN,
RANGE: There is a post-1960 record from
Ottawa county. Pre-1960 records occur
from Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie, Franklin, Lake, Lorain, Lucas, Medina, Summit,
and Wood counties (Braun, 1961). Some
of these records may be from adventive plants.
STATUS: 1980-1987: Endangered, 1988 to
present: Presumed Extirpated.
HABITAT: Dry or rocky soil, margins of northern
hardwood forests, wooded ravines, second growth woods. In Ohio, this variety is reported from
limestone ridges and gravelly crests of rocky hills.
HAZARDS: Browsing by deer, overshading in late
POTENTIAL: Unknown; presumed poor
judging from the drastic decline in reported populations.
GUIDELINES: Mature flowering or
fruiting material is necessary for accurate identification.
COMMENTS: Although this variety is definitely native
to Ohio, it also can spread from plantings.
Populations should be studied to determine their origin. Because this taxon and the var. laevigatus
are easily confused, it may be overlooked.
It should be sought throughout northern Ohio.
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
is a western shrub ranging from se. AL to CA and e. MI. This variety is commonly planted as an
ornamental in Ohio and is a common escape.
Some Ohio records may represent this non-indigenous variety.
E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio.
The Ohio State Univ. Press, Columbus, OH. 362 p.
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The
Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2. Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State
Univ. Press, Columbus, OH. 656 pp.
G.L. 1975. Range relations of mule deer and cattle in prairie habitat. J. Wildl. Manage. 39: 606-616.
E.J.P., Jr. 1965. The Caprifoliaceae of Ohio. Ohio J. Sci. 65: 118-129.
P.J. 1979. Preliminary reports on the flora of Wisconsin No. 68. Caprifoliaceae – honeysuckle family. Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci., Arts, Lett. 67:
J.H. and M.L. Heimberger. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada. 495 p.
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
David P. Emmitt