STREPTOPUS LANCEOLATUS (Ait.) Reveak
HABIT: Erect perennial herb to 8 dm.; flowering May, June; fruiting
SIMILAR SPECIES: Streptopus roseus is the only member
of the Lily family in Ohio with rose-pink to purple flowers and many-seeded red
TOTAL RANGE: Lab. and Nfld. to n. MN, s. to NJ, PA, and s.
MI and in the mts. to NC; also in the Pacific states and in Canada.
STATE RANGE: Extant only in Ashtabula County.
STATE STATUS: 1980 to present: Endangered.
HABITAT: In Ohio, seemingly restricted to remnants
of the hemlock-white pine-northern hardwoods forest. In Michigan, Voss (1972)
states that it often becomes abundant along roadsides or in powerline clearings
HAZARDS: Though partial removal of the woodland canopy
appears to be beneficial to this species (see Habitat), complete removal, as in
clear-cutting, is harmful.
RECOVERY POTENTIAL: Presumed poor due to the limited amount
of suitable habitat remaining in Ohio.
INVENTORY GUIDELINES: This species is unlikely to be
misidentified while in flower or fruit. Avoid over-collecting.
COMMENTS: The current knowledge of the range of this species
in Ohio probably is accurate. Ashtabula County represents the extreme southern
edge of its total range and it is unlikely to be overlooked or misidentified.
1967. The Monocotyledoneae [of Ohio]: Cat-tails to orchids. The Ohio State
Univ. Press, Columbus OH. 464 pp.
Fassett, N.C. 1935. Notes from the herbarium of the
University of Wisconsin - XII. A study of Streptopus. Rhodora 37:
Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan flora, Part I, Gymnosperms
and monocots. Cranbrook Inst. of Sci.
Bull. 55, Bloomfield Hills, MI. 488 p.
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Created: 3/1982 James F. Burns