(H.H. Eaton) Ames
HABIT: Herbaceous perennial, 1-2.5 dm.; flowering May, June.
SIMILAR SPECIES: All members of the genus Spiranthes in
Ohio are similar and are distinguished by floral characters. However, Spiranthes
lucida flowers earlier than other members of the genus in Ohio.
TOTAL RANGE: N.B. to s. Ont. and MN, s. to N.S., ME,
NJ, PA, OH, MI, IN, IL, MO; s. in uplands to VA, KY, TN, and NC.
STATE RANGE: There are post-1960 collections from 7
counties: Cuyahoga, Lake, Lorain, Pike, Ross, Seneca, and Summit. There are
pre-1960 records from 9 other counties: Adams, Champaign, Franklin, Greene,
Lucas, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, and Trumbull.
STATE STATUS: 1980-1987: Threatened, 1988 to present:
HABITAT: Usually calcareous soil in areas where water supply
is abundant: moist banks, wet meadows, lakeshores, damp woods and marshes;
often in pastures.
HAZARDS: Trampling and compaction of soil; casual picking;
drying of habitat.
RECOVERY POTENTIAL: Unknown, but the species can tolerate
INVENTORY GUIDELINES: Collect mature flowering material;
COMMENTS: This early-flowering Spiranthes may be more
frequent in Ohio than the records indicate. It should be sought throughout the
E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae [of Ohio]: Cat-tails to orchids. The Ohio State
Univ. Press, Columbus OH. 464 pp.
Case, F.W., Jr. and P.M. Catling. 1983. The genus Spiranthes
in Michigan. Mich. Bot. 22: 79-92.
M.A. 1993. Orchids of Indiana. Indiana Univ. Press, Bloomington. 275 pp.
Luer, C.A. 1975. The native orchids of the United
States and Canada excluding Florida. New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY.
Sheviak, C.J. 1974. An introduction to the ecology of the
Illinois Orchidaceae. Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL. 90 p.
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Created: 11/1983 Barbara K. Andreas
Database Code: SPGY.A76