SCHIZACHYRIUM LITTORALE (Nash) E.P. Bicknell
FAMILY: Poaceae (Gramineae)
SYNONYMS: Schizachyrium littorale Gould
Andropogon scoparius Michx. var. littoralis (Nash)
Andropogon littoralis Nash.
HABIT: Culms loosely or densely tufted, 5-12 dm tall; flowering and
fruiting August to mid-October.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Similar to the common variety but can be
distinguished from it by its prominently keeled leaf sheaths and the cilia of
the rachis being longer.
TOTAL RANGE: Coastal sands from e. Mass. to N.C.;
disjunct along the shores of the Great Lakes.
STATE RANGE: Post-1970 records from Ashtabula and Lake
counties. Pre-1970 record from Erie
STATE STATUS: 1994 to present: Endangered.
HABITAT: Beaches and sand dunes.
HAZARDS: Beach development.
RECOVERY POTENTIAL: Presumed poor, because it is restricted to
the beaches and sand dunes along Lake Erie where development has destroyed most
of its habitat.
INVENTORY GUIDELINES: Collect complete, mature specimens.
COMMENTS: This species should be sought along the shores of Lake Erie.
Pictures of this variety can be found in Fernald and Griscom (1935).
Gould, F.W. 1967. The grass genus Andropogon
in the United States. Brittonia 19(1):70-76.
Fernald, M.L. and Ludlow Griscom.
1935. Three days of botanizing in southeastern Virginia. Rhodora 37: 129-157;
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Created: 4/1998 Richard Gardner