SALIX CANDIDA Fluegge
HABIT: Widely spreading, low shrub, 0.5-3.5 m tall; flowers
SIMILAR SPECIES: This species can be distinguished from other
willows by the following combination of characters: leaves narrow with abundant
white-tomentose pubescence on lower surface; leaf margins revolute; midrib
yellowish; anthers dark purple; styles and stigmas dark red.
TOTAL RANGE: Lab. to AK, s. to NJ, PA, OH, IN, IL, IA and
STATE RANGE: There are post-1960 records for this species
from Columbiana, Erie, Logan, Portage, Summit and Williams Counties. There are
pre-1960 records from Fulton, Lucas, Stark and Wyandot Counties.
STATE STATUS: 1980-1981: Threatened, 1982-1987: Potentially
Threatened, 1988-1995: Threatened, 1996-1997: Potentially Threatened, 1998 to
HABITAT: Calcareous wetlands; fens, sedge meadows, lakeshores,
pools behind dunes.
HAZARDS: Overgrowth by taller woody species as a result of
RECOVERY POTENTIAL: Unknown, but probably good; the
preservation and management of fens protects critical habitat for this species.
INVENTORY GUIDELINES: Collect specimens with flowers or
mature fruit; note growth habit.
COMMENTS: This species hybridizes with other willow species,
especially S. eriocephala and S. petiolaris. The species should
be sought in fens throughout northeastern and northwestern Ohio and in wetlands
in the Oak Openings area of northwestern Ohio.
Argus, G.W. 1964. Preliminary reports on the flora of
Wisconsin. No. 51. Salicaceae, the genus Salix - the willows. Trans.
Wis. Acad. Sci., Arts and Letters. 53: 217-272.
Braun, E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. The Ohio State
Univ. Press, Columbus OH. 362 pp.
Soper, J.H. and M.L. Heimburger. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario.
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada. 495 pp.
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan Flora, Part II. Dicots
(Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Cranbrook Inst. Sci. Bull. 59, Bloomfield Hills, MI.
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Created: 4/1993 Greg Schneider
Database Code: SPKM.780