SCORPIDIUM SCORPIOIDES (Hedw.) Limpr.
Turgid Brown Worm Moss
large (up to 15 cm. long), 4-6 mm wide, yellow or reddish-green turgid and
julaceous plants. Leaves concave, 2-4 mm
long, costa weak, short, double or lacking.
Leaves rugose-wrinkled when dry.
Plants sparingly branched.
When covered with a limy deposit, it could be confused with other brown
mosses such as Drepanocladus (sensu lato), Cratoneuron filicinum or Palustriella
TOTAL RANGE: AK, ME, VT, NJ, NY, MI, OH, WI, MT, WA.
Pre-1980 record from Champaign.
STATE STATUS: 1996
to present: Presumed Extirpated.
HABITAT: Seeps and
submergent or emergent in pools in marly and sedge areas in strongly
HAZARDS: Drainage of
habitat; overgrowth or overshading by woody species through succession.
Unknown, probably poor.
Collect only a small sample of young plants free from limy precipitate.
portion of stem is usually coated with a limy precipitate making it blend in
with the substrate. Numerous efforts
have been made to recollect this plant at its original locality. Unsuccessful attempts have been made to
locate this taxon in other strongly minerotrophic peatlands.
Crum, H.A. and L.E. Anderson. 1981. Mosses of Eastern
North America. Volumes 1 & 2. Columbia University Press. NY. 1328 pp.
Ireland, R.R. 1982.
Moss Flora of the Maritime Provinces.
National Museum of Natural Sciences, Publications in Botany, No.
13. Ottawa, Canada. 738 p.
Vitt, D.H., J.E. Marsh and R.B. Bovey. 1988.
Mosses, Lichens and Ferns of Northwest America. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton,
Alberta. 296 p.
Division of Natural
Areas and Preserves
Ohio Department of
Created: 4/2001 Barbara K. Andreas
Database Code: SPPG.428