FILIX-MAS (L.) Schott.
HABIT: Rhizome erect; fronds up to 1 m. long.
SIMILAR SPECIES: This species superficially resembles D. marginalis or the hybrid between D. marginalis and D. carthusiana. Male fern can be differentiated from other wood
ferns by having scales on the stipe as well as the rachis.
TOTAL RANGE: Circumboreal, s. to Vt., n. to Mich., ne. Ill.,
S.D., and Mexico.
STATE RANGE: Post-1980 records from Richland and Summit
STATE STATUS: Added-2002; Endangered-2004.
HABITAT: Moist rich woods.
HAZARDS: Invasive species and habitat loss.
RECOVERY POTENTIAL: Fair; species seems to be increasing its
INVENTORY GUIDELINES: Collect mature sporalating material.
COMMENTS: Male fern possibly is expanding its range as it
has been recently discovered in Pennsylvania and Ohio.
Flora of North America Committee eds. 1993+. Flora of North
America North of Mexico. 7+ vols. Oxford
University Press, New York and Oxford.
Division of Natural
Areas and Preserves
Ohio Department of
Created 3/04 Richard