• Family: Cyprinidae (Minnows and Carps)
• Other Names: None
• Ohio Status: Introduced
• Adult Size: Typically 6-10 inches, can reach 16 inches.
• Typical Foods: Wide variety of items including invertebrates, some algae, and plant material.
Goldfish have no barbels on the upper jaw and a sharp spine at the front of the dorsal and anal fins. The rear edge of these spines is sharply serrated. Most wild goldfish are a gray, brown, or bronze, color not bright orange, red, or white like those in pet stores. Goldfish differ from common carp by having no barbels and no dark spot at the base of each scale.
Habitat and Habits
Goldfish were first introduced into Ohio around 1885 but have not become as well established as the common carp. They are abundant in the shallow bays and marshes of western Lake Erie and can be found in slow moving tributaries of Lake Erie as well. Elsewhere in Ohio goldfish have become established in some reservoirs such as Dillon, Dale Walborn, and others. They are more dependent on non-flowing water and abundant aquatic vegetation than common carp which is probably why they have not become as widespread as that species in Ohio.
Reproduction and Care of the Young
Goldfish spawn by scattering eggs over vegetation or the bottom in spring. No further parental care is given.